Chapter Six-- Sanitary and Phytosanitary Measures

Chapter Six-- Sanitary and Phytosanitary Measures

Objectives

 

The objectives of this Chapter are to protect human, animal, or plant life or health in the

Parties’ territories, enhance the Parties’ implementation of the SPS Agreement, provide a forum

for addressing sanitary and phytosanitary matters, resolve trade issues, and thereby expand trade

opportunities.

 

Article 6.1:  Affirmation of the SPS Agreement 

 

Further to Article 1.3 (Relation to Other Agreements), the Parties affirm their existing

rights and obligations with respect to each other under the SPS Agreement.  

 

Article 6.2:  Scope and Coverage 

 

1. This Chapter applies to all sanitary and phytosanitary measures of a Party that may,

directly or indirectly, affect trade between the Parties.  

 

2. No Party may have recourse to dispute settlement under this Agreement for any matter

arising under this Chapter.  

 

Article 6.3:  Committee on Sanitary and Phytosanitary Matters

 

1. Not later than 30 days after the date of entry into force of this Agreement, the Parties

shall establish a Committee on Sanitary and Phytosanitary Matters, comprising representatives of

each Party who have responsibility for sanitary and phytosanitary matters, as set out in Annex

6.3.

 

2. The Parties shall establish the Committee through an exchange of letters identifying the

primary representative of each Party to the Committee and establishing the Committee’s terms of

reference.

 

3. The objectives of the Committee shall be to help each Party implement the SPS

Agreement, assist each Party to protect human, animal, or plant life or health, enhance

consultation and cooperation between the Parties on sanitary and phytosanitary matters, and

facilitate trade between the Parties.

 

4. The Committee shall seek to promote communication and otherwise enhance present or

future relationships between the Parties’ agencies and ministries with responsibility for sanitary

and phytosanitary matters.

 

 

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5. To the extent possible, the Committee shall seek to facilitate a Party’s response to a

written request for information from another Party with minimal delay.  The Committee shall

endeavor to ensure that at the earliest opportunity the responding Party communicates to the

requesting Party the steps involved in responding to the request.

 

6. The Committee shall provide a forum for:

 

(a) enhancing mutual understanding of each Party’s sanitary and phytosanitary

measures and the regulatory processes that relate to those measures;

 

(b) consulting on matters related to the development or application of sanitary and

phytosanitary measures that affect, or may affect, trade between the Parties;

 

(c) addressing bilateral or plurilateral sanitary and phytosanitary matters with a view

to facilitating trade between the Parties;

 

(d) consulting on issues, positions, and agendas for meetings of the WTO SPS

Committee, the various Codex committees (including the Codex Alimentarius

Commission), the International Plant Protection Convention, the International

Office of Epizootics, and other international and regional fora on food safety and

human, animal, and plant health;

 

(e) making recommendations on technical cooperation programs on sanitary and

phytosanitary matters to the Committee on Trade Capacity Building;

 

(f) improving the Parties’ understanding of specific issues relating to the

implementation of the SPS Agreement; and

 

(g) reviewing progress in addressing sanitary and phytosanitary matters that may

arise between the Parties’ agencies and ministries with responsibility for such

matters. 

 

7. Each Party shall ensure that appropriate representatives with responsibility for the

development, implementation, and enforcement of sanitary and phytosanitary measures from its

relevant trade and regulatory agencies or ministries participate in meetings of the Committee.  

 

8. The Committee shall meet at least once a year unless the Parties otherwise agree.

 

9. The Committee shall perform its work in accordance with its terms of reference.  The

Committee may revise its terms of reference and may establish procedures to guide its operation.

 

10. The Committee may establish ad hoc working groups in accordance with its terms of

reference.

 

 

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11. All decisions of the Committee shall be taken by consensus, unless the Committee

otherwise decides.

 

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Annex 6.3

 

Committee on Sanitary and Phytosanitary Matters

 

The Committee on Sanitary and Phytosanitary Matters shall comprise representatives of

the following agencies and ministries:

 

(a) in the case of Costa Rica, the Dirección de Aplicación de Acuerdos Comerciales

Internacionales del Ministerio de Comercio Exterior, the Dirección de Salud

Animal y el Servicio de Protección Fitosanitaria del Estado del Ministerio de

Agricultura y Ganadería, and the Ministerio de Salud;

 

(b) in the case of the Dominican Republic, the Dirección de Sanidad Vegetal

de la Secretaría de Estado de Agricultura, the Dirección de Sanidad

Animal de la Dirección General de Ganadería, the Departamento de

Control de Riesgo de Alimentos y Bebidas de la Secretaría de Estado de

Salud Pública y Asistencia Social, the Dirección de Comercio Exterior y

Administración de Tratados Comerciales Internacionales de la

Secretaría de Estado de Industria y Comercio, the Dirección General de

Normas y Sistemas de Calidad de la Secretaría de Estado de Industria y

Comercio, the Secretaría de Estado de Medio Ambiente y Recursos

Naturales, and the Secretaría de Estado de Relaciones Exteriores;

 

(c) in the case of El Salvador, the Ministerio de Economía, the Ministerio de

Agricultura y Ganadería, and the Ministerio de Salud Pública y Asistencia Social;

 

(d) in the case of Guatemala, the Unidad de Normas y Regulaciónes del Ministerio de

Agricultura Ganadería y Alimentación, the Departamento de Regulación y

Control de Alimentos del Ministerio de Salud Pública y Asistencia Social, and the

Ministerio de Economía;

 

(e) in the case of Honduras, the Dirección General de Integración Económica y

Política Comercial de la Secretaría de Estado en los Despachos de Industria y

Comercio and the Dirección General del Servicio Nacional de Sanidad

Agropecuaria de la Secretaría de Estado en los Despachos de Agricultura y

Ganadería;

 

(f) in the case of Nicaragua, the Ministerio de Fomento, Industria y Comercio, the

Ministerio Agropecuario y Forestal, and the Ministerio de Salud; and

 

(g) in the case of the United States, the Office of the United States Trade

Representative, the Department of State, the Department of Commerce, the Food

Safety and Inspection Service of the United States Department of Agriculture

(USDA), the Foreign Agricultural Service of the USDA, the Animal and Plant

Health Inspection Service of the USDA, the Environmental Protection Agency,

 

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and the Food and Drug Administration of the Department of Health and Human

Services,

 

or their successors.